What are the different types of training?
Aerobic Training vs Anaerobic Training vs Mobility Training
In all areas of health and fitness, our training can fall into three categories. These categories are not mutually exclusive as many different exercises or training protocols can fall into more than one category. This is the beauty of training at LIV, and with CrossFit in general; we pursue a balance in all of these categories on our health and fitness journeys.
Read on to learn more about these three training categories:
Aerobic training (A.K.A.: cardio), is one of the most commonly used forms of training in our society. Aerobic training is all about training the body through sub-maximal effort to improve your body’s energy efficiency. There are many different modalities of aerobic training with common forms including running, biking, and swimming. The goal of aerobic training is to improve your body’s ability to transport and utilize oxygen throughout the body.
Aerobic training has many numerous health benefits including, but not limited to: improved cardiovascular and respiratory health, improved mood, weight loss, improved blood and biomarker levels, improved immune function, and decreased risk of type II diabetes.
Anaerobic training is a broad term used to include all training that can only be maintained for a short period of time compared to aerobic training and utilizes different energy systems in the body. Under the anaerobic umbrella, we can include resistance training (A.K.A. weight training), sprint work, and plyometrics. The goal of anaerobic training is to improve our bodies utilization of creatine-phosphate and glycogen for energy.
Anaerobic training also has many numerous and possibly counterintuitive benefits including, but not limited to: improved strength, improved durability, improved power production, building lean body mass, fat loss, and overall improved body composition.
Mobility training is the pursuit of improved range of motion and stability through our joints and the muscles surrounding them. I like to think of mobility as a balance achieved between stability and flexibility. Most people in society usually are lacking on the flexibility side, but there are also people who naturally have great flexibility and without proper stability, they too risk injury.
Mobility training has more benefits than just simply improving range of motion and decreased risk of injury, it also improves the efficiency of our bodies biomechanics. In essence, improving our body’s energy mileage.
The beauty of training at LIV Athletic is that our training cycles for all of our programs, Sweat, Active, and CrossFit, are all centered around the pursuit of a balance between these three branches of training. Furthermore, we find different ways to mix these training modalities together in order to build a more real-world form of fitness.
About the Author
Nick is LIV Athletic Coach and lifelong athlete. He has a passion for inspiring both youth and adults to live active lives. Nick graduated from the University of Florida with a B.S. in Applied Physiology and Kinesiology and plans to pursue a career in medicine. In the meantime, he is enjoying his time working with the amazing team and community here at LIV Athletic.